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Table 4 Comparison of the average score of domestic violence against pregnant women in the two control and intervention groups before and after intervention

From: The effect of family-based counseling on domestic violence in pregnant women referring to health centers in Sahneh city, Iran, 2018

Domains of violence Intervention Control P-value* P-value**
Before After Before After
M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD)
Emotional 12.76 (2.99) 12.36 (1.75) 12.35 (2.73) 12.30 (2.83) 0.50 0.92
Psychological 13.93 (3.50) 9.38 (2.86) 13.61 (3.76) 13.80 (3.74) 0.67  < 0.001
Verbal 7.87 (2.24) 5.20 (2.14) 8.35 (2.14) 8.24 (2.30) 0.30  < 0.001
Financial 9.22 (3.00) 7.89 (2.69) 9.76 (3.55) 10.02 (3.68) 0.44  < 0.001
Physical 11.4 (4.52) 7.04 (1.68) 10.13 (3.76) 10.07 (3.91) 0.13  < 0.001
Sexual 4.87 (1.78) 4.18 (0.49) 5.41 (1.75) 5.54 (1.85) 0.14  < 0.001
Social 8.49 (3.64) 6.73 (3.52) 8.28 (4.20) 8.46 (4.16) 0.80  0.04
Overall violence 68.58 (9.21) 49.65 (8.83) 67.89 (7.50) 66.35 (7.76) 0.07  < 0.001