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Table 3 The relationship between PTSD and subscales with D&A (n = 288)

From: Relationship of post-traumatic stress disorder with disrespect and abuse during childbirth in a group of Iranian postpartum women: a prospective study

Variable Women experiencing D&A Mean (SD) Women without experiencing D&A Mean (SD) p-valuea
Total score of PTSD 7.32 (2.0) 1.0 (0.0) < 0.001
Re-experiencing symptoms 2.41 (1.0) 0.4 (0.0) < 0.001
Avoidance symptoms 2.60 (0.0) 0.2 (0.0) < 0.001
Arousal symptoms 2.30 (0.0) 0.3 (0.0) < 0.001
  1. aMann–Whitney test