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Table 4 Microbiota profile found significantly different in ADHD

From: Systematic review of gut microbiota and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

No. Study Gut microbiota profiles
1 Aarts et al. [12] Phylum:
↑: Actinobacteria
Order:
↓: Clostridiales
Family:
↑: Rikenellaceae, Porphyromonadaceae
Genus:
↑: Bifidobacterium, Eggerthella
2 Jiang et al. [9] Family:
↑: Peptostreptococcaceaea, Moraxellaceaeb, Xanthomonadaceaeb, Peptococcaceaeb
↓: Alcaligenaceaea
Genus:
↓: Faecalibacteriuma, Dialistera, Lachnoclostridiumc, Sutterellab
3 Prehn-Kristensen et al. [14] Family:
↑: Neisseria, Bacteroidaceae
Genus:
↑: Neisseria
↓: Prevotella
OTU level:
↑: Bacteroides OTU_7, Bacteroides OTU_577
4 Wang et al. [10] Phylum:
↑: Fusobacteria
Genus:
↑: Fusobacterium
Species:
↑: Bacteroides uniformis, Bacteroides ovatus, Sutterella stercoricanis
↓: Bacteroides coprocola
5 Wan et al. [11] Genus:
↑: Odoribacterd, Enterococcusb
↓: Faecalibacteriumd, Veillonellaceaed
Species:
↑: Bacteroides caccaed, Odoribacter splanchnicusd, Paraprevotella xylaniphilad, Veillonella parvulad, Roseburia intestinalisd, Odoribacteraceaeb, Enterococcaceaeb
↓: Faecalibacterium prausnitziid, Lachnospiraceae bacteriumd, Ruminococcus gnavusd, Ruminococcaceaeb
6 Szopinska-Tokov et al. [13] Genus:
↑: Clostridiales_g__, Family_XII_AD3011_group, Ruminiclostridium_9, Ruminococcaceae_NK4A214_group, Ruminococcaceae_UCG_003, Ruminococcaceae_UCG_004, Ruminococcaceae_UCG_005, Ruminococcaceae_g_uncultured, Ruminococcus_2, Dialistere
↓: Haemophilus, Phascolarctobacteriume
  1. FDR, false discovery rate; LEfSe, linear discriminant analysis (LDA) effect size
  2. aFDR and LEfSe method
  3. bLEfSe method
  4. cFDR
  5. dWilcoxon test
  6. eADHD-medicated samples