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Table 1 Frequency of laboratory results that were below or above the reference range in 275 outpatients with schizophrenia

From: Physical health examination in outpatients with schizophrenia: the cost effectiveness of laboratory screening tests

Laboratory test Reference range, units Frequency (N (%)) below the reference range Frequency (N (%)) above the reference range Mean (SD) Min–max
B-Leukocytesa 3.4‒8.2, E9/l 4 (1.5%) 50 (18.3%) 6.7 (2.3) 2.1‒21.2
B-Neutrophilsb 1.5‒6.7, E9/l 5 (1.8%) 17 (6.3%) 3.8 (1.9) 0.8‒19.3
B-Erythrocytesa Men 4.25‒5.7
Women 3.9‒5.2, E12/l
9 (3.3%) 8 (2.9%) 4.8 (0.4) 3.0‒6.0
B-Thrombocytesb 150–360, E9/l 10 (3.7%) 16 (5.9%) 248.0 (65.0) 50‒464
B-Hemoglobina Men 134‒167
Women 117‒155, g/l
13 (4.7%) 10 (3.7%) 142.8 (14.2) 57‒175
B-Hematocrita Men 39‒50,
Women 35‒46, %
6 (2.2%) 5 (1.8%) 42.7 (3.6) 21‒52
e-Mean corpuscular volumea 82‒98, fl 13 (4.7%) 2 (0.7%) 88.4 (4.2) 70‒100
e-Mean corpuscular hemoglobina 27‒33, pg/cell 13 (4.7%) 0 29.6 (1.7) 19‒33
P-Potassiuma 3.3‒4.9, mmol/l 0 2 (0.7%) 4.0 (0.3) 3.4‒5.1
P-Sodiuma 137‒145, mmol/l 55 (20.1%) 2 (0.7%) 138.4 (3.2) 120‒147
S-pH-adjusted ionized calciumc 1.16‒1.3, mmol/l 24 (9.0%) 8 (3.0%) 1.2 (0.04) 1.03‒1.42
P-Creatinineb Men 60‒100/women 50‒90, µmol/l 19 (7.0%) 16 (5.9%) 73.2 (18.0) 38‒237
P-Gamma glutamyltransferasea Men < 60/women < 40, U/l NCS 47 (17.2%) 38.7 (31.4) 10‒203
fP-Total cholesterola  < 5, mmol/l NCS 103 (37.6%) 4.8 (1.0) 2.4‒8.2
fP- Low density cholesterola  < 3, mmol/l NCS 119 (43.4%) 2.9 (0.9) 0.9‒5.8
fP- High density cholesterola Men > 1/
Women > 1.2, mmol/l
85 (31.0%) NCS 1.4 (0.5) 0.48‒4.1
fP-Triglyceridesa  < 1.7, mmol/l   104 (38.0%) 1.7 (1.1) 0.4‒7.0
fP-Glucosea 4.0‒6.0, nmol/l 0 106 (38.7%) 6.1 (1.1) 4.5‒11.2
P- Thyroid stimulating hormonea 0.5‒3.6, mu/l 7 (2.6%) 28 (10.3%) 2.1 (1.2) 0.3‒7.1
P- 25-Hydroxyvitamin Da  > 50, nmol/l 129 (47.1%) NCS 53.1 (19.6) 11–124
  1. a Missing from one participant, b missing from two participants, c missing from eight participants
  2. B, blood, P, plasma, S, serum, e, erythrocyte, f, fasting, SD, standard deviation, min, minimum value, max, maximum value
  3. NCS, not clinically significant; only values above the reference range were taken into account in NNSAR