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Table 2 The main clinical characteristics of the study population (N = 60) of older adults with and without current depression according to the Geriatric Depression Scale (Pearson’s Chi-square test and Mantel–Haenszel test)

From: Untreated depressive symptoms significantly worsen quality of life in old age and may lead to the misdiagnosis of dementia: a cross-sectional study

  Non-depressed
N = 34 (%)
Depressed
N = 26 (%)
Total
N = 60 (%)
Chi2 p-value Mantel–Haenszel test (non-depressed = 1)
OR p-value
Dementia (MMSE) 14 (41.2) 16 (61.5) 30 (50) 4.014 0.041 3.102 0.049*
Psychiatric treatment (previous) 8 (23.5) 15 (57.7) 23 (38.3) 7.274 0.007 4.43 0.009*
Psychiatric treatment (current) 6 (17.6) 9 (34.6) 15 (25) 2.262 0.115 2.471 0.138
Mental disorder (patient’s history)
 Depression 5 (14.7) 7 (26.9) 12 (20) 1.374 0.198 2.137 0.247
 Dementia 5 (14.7) 6 (23.1) 11 (18.3) 0.69 0.309 1.74 0.41
 Psychosis 1 (2.9) 3 (11.5) 4 (6.7) 1.75 0.212 4.304 0.219
Psychopharmacologic medication (current) 13 (38.2) 19 (73.1) 32 (53.3) 7.186 0.007 4.385 0.009*
 Benzodiazepine 7 (20.6) 6 (23.1) 13 (21.7) 0.054 0.53 1.157 0.817
 Antidepressant 6 (17.6) 5 (19.2) 11 (18.3) 0.025 0.567 1.111 0.875
 Antipsychotic 0 (0) 9 (34.6) 9 (15) 13.846 0
  1. MMSE Mini-Mental State Examiner, OR odds ratio
  2. * Significant (p < 0.05)