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Table 1 The main clinical characteristics and gender differences in the old age study population (N = 60) (Pearson’s Chi-square test and Mantel–Haenszel test)

From: Untreated depressive symptoms significantly worsen quality of life in old age and may lead to the misdiagnosis of dementia: a cross-sectional study

  Male
N = 13 (%)
Female
N = 47 (%)
Total
N = 60 (%)
Chi2 p-value Mantel–Haenszel test (Male = 1)
OR p-value
Dementia (MMSE) 7 (53.8) 23 (48.9) 30 (50) 0.001 0.617 0.986 0.982
Depression (GDS) 7 (53.8) 19 (40.4) 26 (43.3) 0.74 0.29 0.582 0.39
Psychiatric treatment (previous) 6 (46.2) 17 (36.2) 23 (38.3) 0.429 0.365 0.661 0.514
Psychiatric treatment (current) 4 (30.8) 11 (23.4) 15 (25) 0.295 0.415 0.688 0.589
Mental disorder (patient’s history)
 Depression 2 (15.4) 10 (21.3) 12 (20) 0.221 0.488 1.486 0.64
 Dementia 1 (7.7) 10 (21.3) 11 (18.3) 1.255 0.247 3.243 0.285
 Addiction 2 (15.4) 0 (0) 2 (3.3) 7.48 0.44
 Psychosis 1 (7.7) 3 (6.4) 4 (6.7) 0.028 0.634 0.818 0.867
Psychopharmacologic medication (current) 7 (53.8) 25 (53.2) 32 (53.3) 0.002 0.608 0.974 0.967
 Anxiolytic 2 (15.4) 11 (23.4) 13 (21.7) 0.386 0.422 1.618 0.538
 Hypnotic 1 (7.7) 3 (6.4) 4 (6.7) 0.028 0.634 0.818 0.867
 Antidepressant 3 (23.1) 8 (17) 11 (18.3) 0.249 0.443 0.684 0.619
 Antipsychotic 3 (23.1) 6 (12.8) 9 (15) 0.849 0.299 0.488 0.364
  1. MMSE Mini-Mental State Examiner, GDS Geriatric Depression Scale, OR odds ratio