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Table 2 Major characteristics of studies: the effect of the childbirth experience on postpartum depression

From: Prevalence of perinatal depression among Japanese women: a meta-analysis

Author, year Measure Primiparas Multiparas
Sample size Identified cases Sample size Identified cases
Akiyama 2014 [45] EPDS 1942 237 1073 87
Arai 2009 [47] EPDS 73 21 76 12
Doi 2015 [50] EPDS 43 8 50 7
Fukuda 2011 [55] EPDS 131 28 168 29
Fukuzawa 2004 [57] EPDS 383 58 281 14
Fukuzawa 2006 [58] EPDS 188 18 168 11
Fukuzawa 2011 [59] EPDS 73 11 62 2
Hamazaki 2009 [61] EPDS 443 56 543 35
Hozumi 2005 [68] EPDS 49 13 61 3
Ichikawa 2008 [69] EPDS 68 17 84 12
Ishii 2010 [71] EPDS 64 4 45 2
Kanai 2016 [77] EPDS 72 7 41 1
Kanazawa 2008 [78] EPDS 42 6 69 10
Kikuchi 2007 [82] EPDS 192 34 235 25
Kishi 2009 [86] EPDS 83 12 77 8
Kishimoto 2013 [87] EPDS 99 14 121 9
Kobayashi 2017 [10] EPDS 598 155 369 36
Matsumoto 2011 [92] EPDS 332 62 343 38
Mishina 2010 [96] EPDS 164 34 115 9
Mitamura 2008 [98] EPDS 211 20 312 20
Miyamoto 2012 [101] EPDS 72 13 56 6
Mori 2016 [103] EPDS 1808 430 1597 161
Muchanga 2017 [9] EPDS 24,340 4276 57,351 6907
Nagatsuru 2006 [108] EPDS 137 42 115 20
Nakamura 2015 [12] EPDS 114 12 101 7
Nakano 2004 [110] EPDS 75 15 85 9
Ngoma 2012 [111] EPDS 41 5 76 2
Ninagawa 2005 [112] EPDS 177 30 159 17
Ono 2008 [121] EPDS 85 23 66 10
Sato 2002 [130] EPDS 215 48 187 36
Satoh 2009 [131] EPDS 99 29 78 13
Takehara 2018 [145] EPDS 721 122 585 52
Tamaki 1997a [149] EPDS 353 77 273 36
Tamaki 1997b [148] EPDS 1034 147 1437 144
Tomari 2012 [150] EPDS 136 38 177 15
Urayama 2013 [153] EPDS 82 30 19 3
Watanabe 2008 [11] EPDS 111 15 124 15
Yamaguchi 2016 [156] EPDS 45 12 56 8
Yoshida 2017 [162] EPDS 128 23 148 15