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Table 7 Multiple logistic regression analysis of determinants of suicidal ideation of patients with mental disorders visiting psychiatry outpatient unit in Mekelle town, psychiatric clinics, Northern Ethiopia, 2019 (n = 221, control = 147, and case = 74)

From: Determinants of suicidal ideation among patients with mental disorders visiting psychiatry outpatient unit in Mekelle town, psychiatric clinics, Tigray, Northern Ethiopia: a case–control study

VariableCategoryCaseControlCOR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)P value
Educational statusPrimary school (1–8)16(21.6)41(27.9).976[.418–2.276].471[.122–1.820]0.275
Secondary school (9–12)21(28.4)44(29.9)1.193[.531–2.679].538[.127–2.288]0.402
University or college (12+)23(31.1)27(18.4)2.130[.926–4.897]1.754[.445–6.913]0.422
Illiterate14(18.9)35(23.8)1  
Marital statusSingle41(55.4)60(40.8)1.569[.860–2.864].780[.264–2.302]0.652
Divorced, widow/ed6(8.1)25(17.0).551[.203–1.497].200[.046–.879]0.033
Married27(36.5)62(42.2)1  
Age18–27 year34(45.9)38(25.9)2.461[.969–6.250]3.134[.676–14.521]0.144
28–37 year22(29.7)51(34.7)1.186[.458–3.071].886[.191–4.118]0.877
38–47 year10(13.5)36(24.5).547[.123–2.434].547[.123–2.434]0.428
≥ 48 year8(10.8)22(15.0)1  
AlcoholYes16(21.6)21(14.3)1.655[.805–3.404]1.853[.568–6.045]0.307
No58(78.4)126(85.7)1  
Physical illnessYes26(35.1)22(15.0)3.078[1.594–5.943]2.467[.870–6.993]0.089
No48(64.9)125(85.0)1  
Family mental illnessYes23(31.1)21(14.3)2.706[1.378–5.315]3.029[1.088–8.431]0.034
No51(68.9)126(85.7)1  
Family history of suicide attemptYes11(14.9)4(2.7)6.242[1.914–20.357]6.874[1.138–41.531]0.036
No63(85.1)143(97.3)1  
Suicide attempt historyYes56(75.7)20(13.6)19.756[9.711–40.189]27.457[10.417–72.368]0.000
No18(24.3)127(86.4)1  
DisordersMDDs38(51.4)43(29.3)3.712[1.275–10.804]11.182[2.382–52.501]0.002
Schizophrenia20(27.0)57(38.8)1.474[.490–4.429]3.568[.732–17.393]0.116
Other psychiatric disorders10(13.5)17(11.6)5.600[1.328–23.620]12.245[1.898–78.986]0.008
Other psychotic disorder1(1.4)9(6.1).467[.048–4.584]1.742[.083–36.669]0.721
Bipolar disorders5(6.8)21(14.3)1  
  1. Italic values indicate variables which show significant determinants with suicidal thought at multivariate analysis
  2. MDDs include major depressive disorder, a major depressive disorder with psychotic features and severe major depressive disorder with a psychotic feature
  3. Other psychiatric disorders include GAD, MDD comorbid with PTSD, PTSD, schizophrenia comorbid with PTSD, social phobia, SAD comorbid with GAD, OCD, GAD comorbid with MDD, schizophrenia comorbid with depression, and somatic symptom disorder
  4. Other psychotic disorders include schizophreniform disorder, brief psychotic disorder, and substance-induced psychotic disorder. Bipolar disorders include bipolar I disorder and bipolar I disorder with psychotic features