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Table 2 Sociodemographic characteristics of patients with mental disorders visiting psychiatry outpatient unit in Mekelle town, psychiatric clinics, Northern Ethiopia, 2019 (n = 221, control = 147, and case = 74)

From: Determinants of suicidal ideation among patients with mental disorders visiting psychiatry outpatient unit in Mekelle town, psychiatric clinics, Tigray, Northern Ethiopia: a case–control study

VariableCategoryControl (n = 147)Case (n = 74)
SexMale79(53.7)44(59.5)
Female68(46.3)30(40.5)
Age18–2738(25.9)34(45.9)
28–3751(34.7)22(29.7)
38–4736(24.5)10(13.5)
≥ 4822(15.0)8(10.8)
Marital statusSingle60(40.8)51(55.4)
Married62(42.2)27(36.5)
Divorced/widowed25(17.0)6(8.1)
ReligionOrthodox124(84.4)57(77.0)
Muslim20(13.6)11(14.9)
OthersR3(2.0)6(8.1)
EthnicityTigray136(92.5)64(86.5)
OthersE11(7.5)10(13.5)
Educational statusIlliterate35(23.8)14(18.9)
Primary school (1–8)41(27.9)16(21.6)
Secondary school (9–12)44(29.9)21(28.4)
Higher education (12+)27(18.4)23(31.1)
OccupationUnemployed48(32.7)20(27.0)
Housewife22(15.0)11(14.9)
Daily laborer17(11.6)6(8.1)
Governmental employee20(13.6)13(17.6)
Farmer14(9.5)7(9.5)
Merchant8(5.4)6(8.1)
Student10(6.8)5(6.8)
OthersO8(5.4)6(8.1)
Income500–100012(22.6)7(22.6)
1001–250021(39.6)10(32.3)
2501–35004(7.5)2(6.5)
3501–50008(15.1)2(6.5)
> 50008(15.1)10(32.3)
Living conditionAlone20(13.6)12(16.2)
With family61(41.5)35(47.3)
OthersV66(44.9)27(36.5)
  1. OthersE includes Afar and Amhara
  2. OthersO includes chauffeur, watchman, janitor, pension, and beauty salon
  3. OthersV includes with a relative, with a spouse, and with prisoners
  4. OthersR includes Protestant and Catholic