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Temperament and major depressive disorder

The Lebanese-Arabic TEMPS-A (Temperament Evaluation of the Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego Autoquestionnaire) was used to assess the association between affective temperament and mental disorders in a nationally representative sample of the Lebanese Evaluation of the Burden of Ailments and Needs Of the Nation study(L.E.B.A.N.O.N). The five affective temperaments were associated with mental disorders with anxious temperament having a risk role while hyperthymic temperament having a protective role. This presentation will focus on the specific association between temperament and the age of onset of major depressive disorder.

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Correspondence to Elie G Karam.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Karam, E.G., Salamoun, M.M., Yeretzian, J.S. et al. Temperament and major depressive disorder. Ann Gen Psychiatry 9, S75 (2010).

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  • Public Health
  • Mental Disorder
  • Representative Sample
  • Depressive Disorder
  • Protective Role