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Psychological status and breath at children with psychosomatic pathology


Breath and emotions are closely connected and that is reflected in various symptomatology in children with psychosomatic pathology. The aim of study was to estimate the psychosomatic status and ventilation function of breath using of respiratory biofeedback in children with various psychosomatic diseases.

Materials and methods

To examine the relationship between respiration and psychological status in children with psychosomatic disorders, 20 children aged 8-12 were studied during the integrated treatment using respiratory BFB by capnography at day-care hospital. Rates of respiratory function, anxiety level and frustration reactivity were measured.


The significant decreases of anxiety level, combined with an increase in frustration tolerance, were found. Moreover, these processes were accompanied by an increase in CO2 at the end of exhalation (FetCO2) and the structure changes of breathing pattern. An internal restructuring of the respiratory cycle was observed: expiration time increased while the respiration rate remained unchanged.


Whereas hyperventilation syndrome diagnosis in children should be focused mainly on FetCO2 and respiration rate indices, to identify other forms of functional respiratory disorders it is necessary to control the respiratory cycle data, among them the exhalation duration particularly.

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Correspondence to Ekaterina Paramoshkina.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Grishin, O., Paramoshkina, E. & Leshinskaya, V. Psychological status and breath at children with psychosomatic pathology. Ann Gen Psychiatry 9, S127 (2010).

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  • Respiration Rate
  • Psychological Status
  • Respiratory Function
  • Rate Index
  • Anxiety Level