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Table 2 Patient psychometric data

From: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS): validation in a Greek general hospital sample

Group HADS HADS depression HADS anxiety BDI STAI state STAI trait
Patients (Inpatients + Outpatients) 14.0 (7.9)* 7.3 (4.4)* 6.6 (4.5)* 12.3 (8.4) 43.1 (12.7) 38.5 (11.6)
Inpatients 12.6 (7.9)† 7.3 (4.7) 5.2 (4.2) 10.8 (7.2) 40.4 (12.3) 34.0 (9.4)
Outpatients 16.1 (7.4)† 7.3 (3.8) 8.7 (4.3)† 14.7 (9.5) 48.0 (12.1) 46.7 (10.9)
Controls 9.1 (6.1)*† 3.9 (3.1)*† 5.1 (3.7)*    
Total 11.4 (7.4) 5.5 (4.1) 5.8 (4.2)    
  1. ANOVA, analysis of variance; BDI, Beck Depression Inventory; HADS, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; STAI, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory.
  2. *p < 0.001 in t test patients vs controls; † p < 0.001 in ANOVA inpatients vs outpatients vs controls.