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Table 1 Spearman’s correlations (rho) between WAI-S scores and patient symptoms, cognition, insight, and demographic characteristics

From: Therapeutic alliance in early schizophrenia spectrum disorders: a cross-sectional study

  WAI-S patient Spearman’s rho WAI-S therapist Spearman’s rho
Total Tasks Goals Bond Total Tasks Goals Bond
PANSS         
Positive −.279 −.262 −.358* −.128 −.137 −.064 −.129 −.162
Disorganized −.263 −.290 −.193 −.177 −.143 −.107 −.186 −.053
Negative −.141 −.290 −.193 −.177 −.338* −.350* −.188 −.203
Depressive/anxious −.059 −.124 −.126 −.013 .041 .096 .126 −.119
Excitative −.337* −.496** −.147 −.306* −.225 −.127 .016 −.398**
Insight         
PANSS item G12 −.089 −.040 .016 −.159 −.394** −.349* −.417** −.259
Age .244 .323* .104 .242 −.020 −.091 −.130 .175
Education         
Total years .414** .394* .323* .303 .021 −.025 −.101 .174
Neurocognition         
WAIS-III         
Vocabulary .010 .014 .190 −.102 −.107 −.119 −.082 −.139
Similarities −.046 −.135 .194 −.089 −.159 −.167 −.029 −.279
Block design .017 .000 .210 −.033 −.052 −.108 −.105 .021
Matrixes .069 −.030 .175 .040 −.143 −.157 −.052 −.211
CVLT-II         
Long delay free recall .020 −.002 .070 −.035 −.024 −.069 .017 −.032
WCST         
Perseverative responses .013 −.088 .015 .109 .191 .078 .248 .111
Perseverative errors −.087 −.194 −.083 .024 .155 .077 .225 .054
CPT-II         
Omissions .035 .075 −.182 .138 −.139 −.102 −.078 −.056
Commissions −.217 −.160 −.295 −.103 −.017 −.075 .011 .007
  1. Significant correlations in italic numbers. WAI-S, Working Alliance Inventory - Short Form; PANSS, Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (positive = P1, P3, P5, P6, G9, G12; disorganized = P2, N5, N7, G5, G10, G11, G15; negative = N1, N2, N3, N4, N6, G7, G16; depressive/anxious = G1, G2, G3, G4, G6; Excitative = P4, P7, G8, G14); WAIS-III, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale; CVLT-II, California Verbal Learning Test II; WCST, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test; CPT-II, Conners’ Continuous Performance Test II. *p < .05; **p < .01.