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Table 3 Demographic and clinical characteristics of the violence-suicide dominant groups according to treatment

From: Do methadone and buprenorphine have the same impact on psychopathological symptoms of heroin addicts?

  Buprenorphine (N = 19) Methadone, (N = 20)   P value
  N (%) N (%) χ2  
Gender (males) 18 (94.7) 12 (60.0) 6.62 0.01
Work:    3.56 0.313
   Student 3 (15.8) 0 (0.0)   
   Blue collar 4 (21.1) 4 (20.0)   
   White collar 7 (36.8) 9 (45.0)   
   Unemployed 5 (26.3) 7 (35.0)   
Education: >8 years 8 (42.1) 11 (55.0) 0.64 0.42
Civil status: single 11 (57.9) 9 (45.0) 0.64 0.42
Somatic comorbidity 11 (57.9) 12 (60.0) 0.01 0.893
Psychiatric comorbidity 14 (77.8) 16 (84.2) 0.24 0.617
Work major problems 5 (26.3) 8 (42.1) 1.05 0.304
Household major problems 17 (89.5) 17 (89.5) 0 1
Sexual major problems 17 (89.5) 17 (94.4) 0.3 0.579
Social-leisure major problems 16 (84.2) 8 (42.1) 7.23 0.007
Legal problems 7 (36.8) 7 (35.0) 0.01 0.904
Polyabuse 11 (57.9) 15 (75.0) 1.28 0.257
Past unsuccessful treatments 14 (73.7) 18 (90.0) 1.76 0.184
  Mean ± SD Mean ± SD T*  
Age 28 ± 7 30 ± 6 -1.13 0.264
Age at first use, years 16 ± 2 18 ± 4 -1.79 0.082
Age at dependence onset, years 18 ± 2 20 ± 4 -1.62 0.116
Dependence duration, months 81 ± 67 124 ± 94 -1.63 0.112
Age at first treatment, years 21 ± 3 24 ± 4 -1.91 0.065
Heroin PCC 92.74 ± 10.7 80.52 ± 27.7 1.83 0.079
Heroin TEC 30.60 ± 19.2 30.58 ± 27.7 0 0.998
Cocaine PCC 87.23 ± 24.8 86.62 ± 19.6 0.08 0.933
Cocaine TEC 30.38 ± 24.3 34.06 ± 29.4 -0.4 0.691
  1. * Student T-test; PCC = Percent 'clean'; TEC = Total Executed 'Clean'